The Kingdom of Nepal is a unique country of great diversity.
The snow-peak Himalayan range with the summit of Mount
Everest, the lash green Hills and the near-sea-level Terai.
The land extends approximately 885 km east to west, and
193 km north to south. Nepal enshrines dozens of ethnic
groups and hundreds of languages. The cosmopolitan Kathmanduist,
the buffalo herders, the Newar peasants and the hill people.
Hinduism is the predominant religion. While Nepal is often
referred to as the only Hindu Kingdom in the world, a
large number of people are Buddhists and the two religions
co-existed in harmony through out Nepal's history. Nepal
is many countries combined in one. Nepal encompasses its
multiple realities and the Nepalese people live these
diversities and carry them with great pride.
Nepal contains Varity of climatic conditions raining from
tropical heat of Terai plains to the freezing cold of
the high Himalaya. Temperature ranges between a maximum
of 37 and a minimum of 8 degree Celsius in plains. 34
and 0 degree Celsius in the Kathmandu Valley, and -6 to
16 degree Celsius in Mountains. The rainy season lasts
from July to September.
From October to February, woolen sweaters, jackets or
similar other warm outfits are necessary. Short or long-sleeved
shirts are good March through May. From June to September,
light and loose garments are advisable.
In the Kathmandu Valley are the Newars, whose cluture
have earned them international reputations. The Sherpas
of the Himalaya are known as tough mountain climbers.
Brahmins and Chhetris are scattered over the hills and
valleys. Tmangs are found in Districts around the Kathmandu
Valley. The Rais, Limbus, Magars and Gurungs in the mid-hills.
Maithili, Bhojpuri and Tharu in Low-lands.
National language of Nepal is Nepali, written in Devanagari
Script. Along Nepali, English and Hindi are widely understood.
A visa is required to enter Nepal except for Indian nationals.
A single entry visa for 60 days can be obtained from any
Royal Nepalese Embassy or Consulate upon payment of US$
30. Visa can also be obtained at the point of entry upon
arrival. Visitors who require single, or multiple entry
visas can get them by paying US $ 30 and US $ 80 respectively.
For extension of visa beyond 60 days, the Department of
Immigration in Kathmandu or Pokhara charges US$ 1 per
day for first 30 days then after for each additional month
US $ 30 will be charged. Children under 10 years are not
charged any visa fees.
A valid passport is required for all nationals except
Visitors are allowed to bring used personal belongings
and the following items duty free: 200 cigarettes or 50
cigars, 1 bottle of distilled liquor, 15 rolls of film.
In addition, visitors can bring the following items free
of duty on condition that they take them back upon departure:
binoculars, movie and video camera, still camera, laptop
computer and portable music system. Passengers arriving
at Tribhuvan International Airport without any dutiable
goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick
clearance without a baggage check.
Passengers departing from Tribhuvan International Airport
are required to pay an airport tax of Rs. 1335 for travel
to SAARC countries and Rs. 1695 to all other international
destinations. Domestic airport tax is Rs. 170.
Foreign currency (except Indian currency), either in traveler's-cheques
or cash can be brought in unlimited quantity, provided
it is declared upon arrival. The import of Indian currency
by foreigners is strictly prohibited.
order to change surplus rupees at the time of your departure
from Nepal please make sure that you have saved your encasement
receipts, which you must produce for the exchange.
Credit cards are accepted at major hotels, travel agents,
restaurants and handicraft shops throughout the country.
American Express card services center is at Jamal. Visa
and MasterCard services are available at the following
places: Nepal Grindlays Bank, Nepal Arab Bank, Himalayan
Bank and Alpine Travel, which all are centrally located.
The Nepalese currency is the rupee (Rs.). It is divided
into 100 paisa. Bank notes come in denominations of 1000,
500, 100, 50, 25, 20, 10, 5, 2, and 1 rupees. Approximate
exchange rate US$ 1 = Rs. 74 (Janurary 2006).
Nepali, written in the Devanagari script, is the national
language. English and Hindi is widely understood and spoken
in the Kathmandu valley, other cities and tourist destinations.
220 volts A.C. 50 cycles throughout the Kingdom.
TIME GMT. +5:45
The official weekly holiday is Saturday, when government
offices and most shops are closed. Museums are closed
on Tuesdays and on government holidays.
Telephone, Fax and E-mail services are available at the
Nepal Telecommunication Corporation near the stadium,
at hotels and private communication centers. The country
code for Nepal is 00977 and the area code for Kathmandu
Trekking permits are necessary for virtually all off-road
travel in Nepal. Ama Travel can obtain all permits within
a day. Charges for most of the major areas are minimal
with exceptions of Mustang and Upper Dolpa, currently
at US$ 700 for 10 days.
Nepal has a unit of Tourist police, trained to advise
and assist the tourist in their safety and security while
travelling, trekking, rafting or resting in any part of
the Kingdom of Nepal.
Please contact the Tourist Police for advise/assistance
on Phone No. 247041 at Dept. of Tourism, Bhikuti Mandap
or 220818 at the Tourist Information Center, Basantapur,
Kathmandu or Tourist Police office 429750 at Thamel.